Category Archives: CSS3

How to use CSS3 multiple columns properties

  • Multiple column As we know that text in columns is easier to read than the widespread long lines. Newspapers follow the rule of multi column layout because the lines are too long to read and understand. This property helps designers to give the look and feel of a newspaper columns with minimal coding.

    Browser support: IE 10+ and Opera.
    IE 9 and older versions doesn’t support this property.
    add -webkit- for safari and chrome.
    add -moz- for firefox.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer semper nibh mauris, non consectetur justo gravida vitae. Proin sed feugiat erat. Praesent eleifend massa in tellus sagittis semper. Nulla tempor tincidunt nisl pharetra varius. Etiam vel sollicitudin quam, ac dictum dolor. Duis porta ultrices ante non aliquam. Fusce in dui quis massa laoreet posuere vitae et risus. Aenean convallis condimentum massa, eget aliquam velit.

  • Column gap: Column gap property helps to provide space between the columns.
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer semper nibh mauris, non consectetur justo gravida vitae. Proin sed feugiat erat. Praesent eleifend massa in tellus sagittis semper. Nulla tempor tincidunt nisl pharetra varius. Etiam vel sollicitudin quam, ac dictum dolor. Duis porta ultrices ante non aliquam. Fusce in dui quis massa laoreet posuere vitae et risus. Aenean convallis condimentum massa, eget aliquam velit.
    Nulla tortor purus, accumsan in nulla in, feugiat gravida enim. Donec suscipit mi sed dui pulvinar, et imperdiet velit pretium. Nullam suscipit dictum nibh, quis ultricies sapien pulvinar quis.

  • Column Rules: This CSS3 property helps to stylize the columns by providing width, style and color to the rule between columns. The rule will appear in between the column gap. This is the shorthand property for the column-rule-color, column-rule-style, and column-rule-width properties.
    phpmind-css3-multi-column-property

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer semper nibh mauris, non consectetur justo gravida vitae. Proin sed feugiat erat. Praesent eleifend massa in tellus sagittis semper. Nulla tempor tincidunt nisl pharetra varius. Etiam vel sollicitudin quam, ac dictum dolor. Duis porta ultrices ante non aliquam. Fusce in dui quis massa laoreet posuere vitae et risus. Aenean convallis condimentum massa, eget aliquam velit.
    Nulla tortor purus, accumsan in nulla in, feugiat gravida enim. Donec suscipit mi sed dui pulvinar, et imperdiet velit pretium. Nullam suscipit dictum nibh, quis ultricies sapien pulvinar quis.

  • Column width: Column width helps to declare the width of the column. Here it works similar to min-width property.

    For example: If our element’s width is 400px.The column gap is 20px and column width is 140px.
    400px – 20px =380px/140px = 2.7
    The browser can fit 2 columns by utilizing the space provided even if the column count is 3, as there is not enough space for a third column.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer semper nibh mauris, non consectetur justo gravida vitae. Proin sed feugiat erat. Praesent eleifend massa in tellus sagittis semper. Nulla tempor tincidunt nisl pharetra varius. Etiam vel sollicitudin quam, ac dictum dolor. Duis porta ultrices ante non aliquam. Fusce in dui quis massa laoreet posuere vitae et risus. Aenean convallis condimentum massa, eget aliquam velit.

  • Column: This property is used to declare the number of columns and their width.
    phpmind-css3-multi-columns-property-eg

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer semper nibh mauris, non consectetur justo gravida vitae. Proin sed feugiat erat. Praesent eleifend massa in tellus sagittis semper. Nulla tempor tincidunt nisl pharetra varius. Etiam vel sollicitudin quam, ac dictum dolor. Duis porta ultrices ante non aliquam. Fusce in dui quis massa laoreet posuere vitae et risus. Aenean convallis condimentum massa, eget aliquam velit.

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How to Use CSS3 Transitions ?

  • transition:

    On this property, effect take place in an element smoothly over a given time period. Specifying duration is compulsory to see the effect. We need to specify transition-property, transition-duration, transition-timing-function and finally transition-delay.

    Web designers can easily provide beautiful effects with the help of transition withoutusing jquery.

  • Browser support: Firefox, Chrome, Opera, IE10+, and Safari. Add prefix -webkit- for chrome 25 and its earlier versions and safari.
    Add prefix -moz- for firefox.
    Add prefix -ms- for IE.

    1. Transition-properties: Lists the properties which you need to be transitioned. Some properties which can be trasitioned are border, font-size, background-color, line-height, letter spacing etc. Whole list of the properties is mentioned on the w3c website.

      Here transition property is applies to width and height.

    2. Transition-duration: This sets the time or the duration of the effect.
    3. Transition-timing-function: Six options are available in this function. Ease, ease-in, ease-out, linear, ease-in-out and cubic-bezier. By default ease is selected. You can use cubic bezier if you are looking for very fine effect. It helps you to choose your own value for the effect.
      1. Linear: Animation carries same speed from start to an end.

        Linear
      2. Ease: Speed is fast in the begining and slow down at the end.

        Ease
      3. Ease-out: Ease-out is quite similar to the ease. But it is slower in beginning in comparison to ease.

        Ease-out
      4. Ease-in: Ease-in gives the smooth effect to the animation.
        Ease-in
      5. Ease-in-out: Speed of an animation is slow in the beginning and at the end.
        Ease-in-out
      6. Cubic-bezier: The function can be customized by using the values of your own.
        Cubic-bezier
    4. transition-delay: This function sets the time before animation begins.


      In the above example image fading starts after 2 seconds.

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How to use CSS3 2d property?

  • 2d transforms: The CSS3 transform property help web designers to give style to their html page. Now they are not dependent on images and javascript to create animated box or elements. One can easily translate, rotate, scale, or skew any element on the page and give it a fancy look.
  • Browser support: All the modern browsers like Firefox, Opera and IE 10 support the transform property.Add prefix -webkit- for chrome and safari.

    Add prefix -ms- for IE9.

    1. Translate: We need to specify two values in translate function. The first value is the x axis and the second value is the y axis. This property helps us to move the element in any direction without affecting the flow of the document.
      phpmind_translate_eg
    2. Rotate: The rotate transform function helps us to rotate a div. The positive value will rotate it in a clockwise direction and the negative value will rotate it in an anti clockwise direction. Values are mentioned in degrees.
      phpmind_rotate_eg
    3. Scale: This method is used to scale an element. We can easily increase or decrease the size of an old div to the new div. The first value is the x axis and the second value is the y axis.
      phpmind_scale_eg
    4. Skew: The skew function bends the element. The first value specifies the skew on x axis and the second value specifies the skew on the y axis.
      phpmind_skew_eg
    5. Matrix: It is the combination of all the above methods. As the name suggests, values are in the matrix format which helps us to skew, rotate, scale and transform the element.
      phpmind_matrix_eg
      phpmind_matrix_eg_I
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How to use CSS3 background properties?

  • CSS3 introduces two new background properties-
    1. background-size
    2. background-origin
  • background-size: This property allows web designers to play with background images. Images can be squashed or stretched easily with the help of this property or in other words it is used to resize the background images. Earlier background images were used to appear on the browser in its actual size.
    1. contain: The Image is resized so it fits the container or we can say that the image is resized in such a way that its width and height(the bigger one) will not exceed the container’s dimensions. Note: original size of the image is 400px x 400px.

    2. cover: The keyword “cover” is also accepted by the background-size property. The image is resized in such a way that either its width and height (the smaller one) covers the whole container but the image could be cropped if the image has a different aspect ratio.

    3. length: It helps us to define the width and height of the background image. The first value represents the width of the image and the second value represent the height. If only one value is mentioned then it is assumed as a width and height is set to “auto”.

    4. percentage: If the value is given in percentage then the size of the background image is relative to the parent element. The first value represents the width of the image and the second value represent the height. If only one value is mentioned then it is assumed as a width and height is set to “auto”.eg: If the width and height of the background-size is set to 80% 50% respectively then the image will cover 80% width and 50% height of the parent element.

    Browser support: Firefox 4+, Safari 5+, IE9+, Chrome, and Opera.

  • background-origin:  The Background-origin property allow web designers to determine the background position area in other words it helps us to know that the background position property will be positioned relative to the “content box”, “border box”, or the “padding box”.
    1. content-box:  The background image will be placed under the content div or It is relative to the content box.

    2. padding-box:  The background image position is relative to the defined padding. The background image will cover the padding area also.

    3. border-box:  The background image position is relative to the border of the element.

    Browser support: Firefox 4+, Safari 5+, IE9+, Chrome, and Opera.

  • Background clip: The background-clip property specifies whether the backgrounds of an element extends into the border or not.

     

    content box

    padding box

    border box

     

    Browser support: Firefox, IE9+, Chrome, Opera and Safari.

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How to use CSS3 text shadow property ?

  • CSS3 introduces two new text properties-
    1. text-shadow
    2. word-wrap
  • text-shadow: This property gives designers and css coders a tool to give multiple text effects. Earlier which could only be done by giving effects to an image. There are various advantages of this property.Browser support: text shadow property is supported by all modern browsers except IE9.

    WELCOME
    TO
    WWW.PHPMIND.COM
  • word-wrap: This property helps us to split the words in the middle if it is too long and cross the borders of the parent element.Browser support: word-wrap property is supported by all modern browsers

     

    This word is very longgggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg to fit in a div. We can break it by using word-wrap property.

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How to use CSS3 border properties ?

  • CSS3 border property helps us to create rounded corners, allow us to give shadow to an element and images to a border.  In short it helps us to design a stylish container for our content.
  • In this tutorial we will discuss the following border properties:
    1. border-radius
    2. box-shadow
    3. border-image
  • border-radius: This property allows web designers to create rounded corners for the divs.
  • Browser support: This property is compatible with all modern browsers. But to maintain compatibility with old browser it is suggested to add prefix -moz- for mozilla, -webkit- for safari.and -o- for opera.
  • box-shadow: This property allows web designers to attach a shadow to an element.
    1. The first value represents the horizontal offset of the shadow (x-axis). If the value is positive the shadow is drawn to the right side of the element, If negative the shadow is drawn to the left of the element.
    2. The second value represents the vertical offset of the shadow (y-axis). If the value is positive the shadow is drawn below the element, if negative it is drawn above.
    3. The third value (optional) represents the blur radius. This value defines how big and how much blurred the shadow is. The larger the value, the more the shadow’s edge is blurred. Negative values are not allowed.
    4. The fourth value (optional) represents the spread distance of the shadow. Positive value expands the shadow in all directions while a negative value shrink the shadow.
    5. This value (optional) allows designers to set the color of an element.
    6. The keyword inset (optional) is used to define the outer and inner box-shadows.
  • box-shadow: 10px 10px 5px 5px #666666;
  •  
  • box-shadow: 10px 10px 15px 5px #666666 inset;
  • Browser support: IE9+, Firefox 4, Chrome, Opera, and Safari 5.1.1.

    This property is compatible with all modern browsers. But to maintain compatibility with old browser it is suggested to add prefix -moz- for mozilla, -webkit- for safari.and -o- for opera.

  • border-image: With the help of this property images can be assigned to a border based on a single image file.
  • border-image: url(phpmind-border-image-eg.png) 30 30 round;
  • Image which is used
  • phpmind-border-image-eg
  • Browser support: Firefox, Chrome, and Safari 6. Use -webkit- as a prefix while working on safari 5 or its older versions. -o- as a prefix while working on opera.
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How to create 3D image by using multiple text shadows?

    • This property give designers and css coders a tool to give multiple text effects. Earlier which could only be done by giving effects to an image. There are various advantages of this property.
      1. As Text in an image is not searchable by search engines.
      2. CSS file size is very small in comparison to an image.
      3. Easy to update.
    • Final result

www.phpmind.com

  • Very simple and easy to use code which gives 3D look to your text.
  • Browser support: The text-shadow rule is supported by many modern browsers including IE10.
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How to use box-shadow property in CSS3 ?

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  • We have a very simple html code here. There is one div and an image of 400 x 300 under that div.
  • We will do some basic styling by mentioning its width, background colour and place it in a center by using margin property. I am going to opt for #efefef as a background colour.

    shadow-1
  • Our next step is to give styling to the class “container” which is the main div of the code. We will apply -webkit-box-shadow property for webkit supporting browsers, -moz-box-shadow for mozilla abd box shadow. I am using 2px for horizontal shadow(h-shadow), 3px for vertical shadow(v-shadow), 5px for blur distance and rgba colour value. Some more basic properties like margin and padding and background colour to white.Now as we can see that image is slightly bigger.  To fix it up we will use max-width property.

    shadow-eg

    shadow-2

  • We can give variations by using inset property to give depth at the top and left side of the image.

     

    shadow-eg1

    shadow-3

  • Browser support: The box-shadow property is supported by many modern browsers including IE9+, Firefox 4, Chrome, Opera, and Safari 5.1.1.
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